Are Face Masks Safe During Pregnancy? It is the big question for all. Worldwide millions of peoples are wearing mask nowadays in their daily life due to this covid pandemic. But is it safe to wear a mask during pregnancy by women?
The Masks restrict the normal airflow, So it may be harder to breathe for pregnant women. If wearing masks for a long time in hot weather maybe it can cause skin problems or others.
Therefore, National Institute for Occupational Safety And health NIOSH researchers are working to find the answer to this question. Does a face mask put more physical stress on a pregnant who wears it? Here are the Actual Studies About Are Face Masks Safe During Pregnancy?
Methods of studies
Currently, It is hard to say if masks are harmful or not for pregnant women. The NIOSH researchers studied whether the consequences are the same for pregnant women than women who are not pregnant.
They monitored 16 pregnant and 16 non-pregnant voluntary participants for different tests like Blood pressure, Heart rate, fetal heart rate, and other indicators of heart and lung function.
Also, the research includes other 1 hour activities like standing, sitting and moderate exercise on a stationary bicycle, both with and without a filtering facepiece respirator mask.
All participants are healthy and non-smokers. Researchers took steps to ensure that the tests did not create a risk for harm to any women.
For the two different groups, They did not observe any major differences in how the hearts and lungs of the participants performed. However, The researchers observed both pregnant and non-pregnant women wearing masks had a mild increase in the hearts resting or diastolic, blood pressure.
No significant differences noted with external resistive loads between the pregnant and non-pregnant groups for any pulmonary, cardiovascular, and subjective variable over 1 hour. The researchers also said the temporary increase did not affect any heart or lung function, so it is unlikely to cause any health issues in healthy women.
Less airflow from the masks due to air resistance may cause a mild effect on increasing heartbeat or blood pressure for any pregnant woman wearing a mask but it’s temporary. But it can’t cause any health issues if the woman is healthy.
Low external airflow resistive loads, during postural activity and moderate exercise over 1hour, affected all study subjects as same. But pregnancy itself was not associated with any significant differences in physiologic or subjective response to the external airway resistive loads utilizes in the study.
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To read the full journal article, go to Effect of External Airflow Resistive Load on Postural and Exercise-associated Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Responses in Pregnancy: a Case Control Study.